Random

Random provides an interface to Ruby’s pseudo-random number generator, or PRNG. The PRNG produces a deterministic sequence of bits which approximate true randomness. The sequence may be represented by integers, floats, or binary strings.

The generator may be initialized with either a system-generated or user-supplied seed value by using Random.srand.

The class method Random.rand provides the base functionality of Kernel.rand along with better handling of floating point values. These are both interfaces to Random::DEFAULT, the Ruby system PRNG.

Random.new will create a new PRNG with a state independent of Random::DEFAULT, allowing multiple generators with different seed values or sequence positions to exist simultaneously. Random objects can be marshaled, allowing sequences to be saved and resumed.

PRNGs are currently implemented as a modified Mersenne Twister with a period of 2**19937-1.

Random Reference

SecureRandom

Part of standard library. You need to require 'securerandom' before using.

This library is an interface to secure random number generators which are suitable for generating session keys in HTTP cookies, etc.

You can use this library in your application by requiring it:

require 'securerandom'

It supports the following secure random number generators:

  • openssl
  • /dev/urandom
  • Win32
Examples

Generate random hexadecimal strings:

require 'securerandom'

SecureRandom.hex(10) #=> "52750b30ffbc7de3b362"
SecureRandom.hex(10) #=> "92b15d6c8dc4beb5f559"
SecureRandom.hex(13) #=> "39b290146bea6ce975c37cfc23"

Generate random base64 strings:

SecureRandom.base64(10) #=> "EcmTPZwWRAozdA=="
SecureRandom.base64(10) #=> "KO1nIU+p9DKxGg=="
SecureRandom.base64(12) #=> "7kJSM/MzBJI+75j8"

Generate random binary strings:

SecureRandom.random_bytes(10) #=> "\016\t{\370g\310pbr\301"
SecureRandom.random_bytes(10) #=> "\323U\030TO\234\357\020\a\337"

Generate alphanumeric strings:

SecureRandom.alphanumeric(10) #=> "S8baxMJnPl"
SecureRandom.alphanumeric(10) #=> "aOxAg8BAJe"

Generate UUIDs:

SecureRandom.uuid #=> "2d931510-d99f-494a-8c67-87feb05e1594"
SecureRandom.uuid #=> "bad85eb9-0713-4da7-8d36-07a8e4b00eab"

SecureRandom Reference