BasicObject is the parent class of all classes in Ruby. It’s an explicit blank class.
BasicObject can be used for creating object hierarchies independent of Ruby’s object hierarchy, proxy objects like the Delegator class, or other uses where namespace pollution from Ruby’s methods and classes must be avoided.
To avoid polluting BasicObject for other users an appropriately named subclass of BasicObject should be created instead of directly modifying BasicObject:
class MyObjectSystem < BasicObject end
BasicObject does not include Kernel (for methods like
puts) and BasicObject is outside of the namespace of the standard library so common classes will not be found without using a full class path.
A variety of strategies can be used to provide useful portions of the standard library to subclasses of BasicObject. A subclass could
include Kernel to obtain
exit, etc. A custom Kernel-like module could be created and included or delegation can be used via
class MyObjectSystem < BasicObject DELEGATE = [:puts, :p] def method_missing(name, *args, &block) return super unless DELEGATE.include? name ::Kernel.send(name, *args, &block) end def respond_to_missing?(name, include_private = false) DELEGATE.include?(name) or super end end
Access to classes and modules from the Ruby standard library can be obtained in a BasicObject subclass by referencing the desired constant from the root like
#const_missing can be used to delegate constant lookup to
class MyObjectSystem < BasicObject def self.const_missing(name) ::Object.const_get(name) end end
Object is the default root of all Ruby objects. Object inherits from BasicObject which allows creating alternate object hierarchies. Methods on Object are available to all classes unless explicitly overridden.
Object mixes in the Kernel module, making the built-in kernel functions globally accessible. Although the instance methods of Object are defined by the Kernel module, we have chosen to document them here for clarity.
When referencing constants in classes inheriting from Object you do not need to use the full namespace. For example, referencing
YourClass will find the top-level File class.
In the descriptions of Object’s methods, the parameter symbol refers to a symbol, which is either a quoted string or a Symbol (such as